In spite of Bukele’s widespread appeal, certain detractors assert his ineligibility for reelection under El Salvador’s constitution. Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele has formally submitted his candidacy for the upcoming 2024 presidential elections in February.
Bukele, a staunch advocate for Bitcoin (BTC), experienced resounding public endorsement on October 26th when his party officially nominated him for reelection.
Addressing a multitude of Salvadorans, Bukele exclaimed, “Five more years, no regressions. We require a quintet of years to perpetuate the amelioration of our nation.”
Political Shift of Nayib Bukele: A New Era in Salvadoran Governance
In 2019, Bukele assumed the presidency, marking a pivotal moment in Salvadoran politics. His victory shattered the three-decade-long duopoly held by the Nationalist Republican Alliance and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMNLB). He achieved this through his party, Nueva (New) Ideas.
Nevertheless, notwithstanding his popularity among the local populace, critics like Salvadoran attorney Alfonso Fajardo contend that the constitution forbids Bukele from pursuing a consecutive term.
Today marks a favorable occasion to remember,” he declared on October 26th. He emphasized that the Constitution prohibits the immediate reelection of a president on up to seven occasions.
El Salvador’s Political Evolution and Tech-Focused Future
However, in September 2021, El Salvador’s Supreme Court ruled that presidents may seek consecutive terms.
Reuters, referencing a study conducted by a Salvadoran university, reports that New Ideas enjoys the backing of 70% of the country’s electorate. Its nearest competitor garnered a mere 4% of the total votes.
One of New Ideas’ rivals, FMNLB, filed a lawsuit in June 2021, asserting the unconstitutionality of Bukele’s Bitcoin adoption initiative. Nonetheless, this grievance made minimal headway as Bukele and El Salvador subsequently endorsed Bitcoin as legal tender three months later, in September 2021.
Additionally, the Bukele administration has implemented various technology-friendly policies. These policies are designed to strengthen the nation’s economy. Notably, they include the complete exemption of taxes on technological innovations.
Furthermore, Gabor Gurbacs, a strategic consultant at VanEck, recently postulated that El Salvador has the potential to emerge as the “Singapore of the Americas.”
Transformation in El Salvador: The Crime-Fighting Initiatives of Nayib Bukele
A significant factor contributing to Bukele’s popularity is his resolute campaign against MS-13, a transnational criminal organization. Notably , This group was previously responsible for El Salvador’s infamous status as the nation with the world’s highest homicide rates six years ago.
As a result of this extensive campaign, the homicide rate in El Salvador dropped significantly. It decreased by an astounding 92.6% from its peak of 106 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2015. By 2022, the rate had fallen to a mere 7.8. The nation now touts one of the lowest crime rates in Latin America.
Nevertheless, the United Nations and various critics raise concerns. They argue that El Salvador violated human rights statutes. The country did so by imprisoning 65,000 individuals without granting them proper legal processes. El Salvador’s presidential election is slated to transpire on February 4, 2024.